This is a summary of the article Courts Recognize Irreparable Injury Caused by Medicare Appeals Backlog written by Jessica L. Gustafson, Esq. and Abby Pendleton, Esq., published in the January/February 2019 issue of BC Advantage.
Presently, there are 426,594 appeals pending and awaiting OMHA adjudication. Despite a statutory mandate to “conduct and conclude a hearing…and render a decision on such hearing by not later than the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date a request for hearing has been timely filed,” the average processing time for OMHA appeals is presently 1,142 days (over 3 years). Unfortunately for appellants, there are significant financial repercussions resulting from adjudicators’ failures to adhere to their statutory mandates for timely appeals adjudication. Delays in appeals processing not only violate the Social Security Act, but also create financial hardship for appellants.
Specifically, Medicare contractors are allowed to begin recouping an alleged overpayment after a reconsideration decision is issued. Following issuance of a partially favorable or unfavorable reconsideration decision, CMS will begin recoupment activities while an appellant awaits an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) hearing and decision.